Christian Democratic Party

Well this time, I will discuss a little about politics in Europe. Europe is the most volatile political developments around the world. Since the 14th century until now, politics in Europe is likely to be the most interesting thing compared to other regions. There is a lot of differences of party point of views and in the same time, it can be said they have many in common origins or history in any different states. In fact, in relation to the European Union today, the domestic politics of each state -that is also formed from the ‘incumbent’ party- plays an important role in determining the future of this supranational organization.

One of the parties that holds an important role is the center-right wing party. In particular, I did not explain this party, because in different states, each party gains different number of votes and policies. This time, I took the example in Germany. The party was founded since post World War II and formed from two organizations: the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) of Germany and the Christian Social Union of Bavaria.

One influential figure in the ‘establishment’ of understanding (not only in Germany, but all over the world) in this kind of party is a French politician, Charles de Gaulle. More specifically, there is some emphasis in this Gaullism:

  1. National independence is a very important issue. Thus, the major parties tend to reject the decision at the EU level because it can be considered as a threat to national security.
  2. In terms of socio-culture, it is very traditional party therefore called a conservative party. However, this party is very supportive for technology progress. As for economic affairs, the party can be regarded as a promoter of free market policies.

In contrast to the Christian Democratic Party in France, in the German party tends to open with the EU platform and performs a downgrading of its nation’s sovereignty. One of important issues that this party has brought is the fact that this party offers a stability and anti-Communism. Thus, the party won many votes in the 1960s precisely the post World War II. This party is very directly opposite with the Social-Democratic Party.

 If the question arises: whether Protestant or Catholic who holds this party? So we have to look at the history and ideology brought by Protestant or Catholic, then match it to the agendas pursued by the party since its establishment until today.

Protestants who embrace the values ​​of puritanism assume that everyone should work for himself and the work itself is a worship to God. The more hard-working a person is, the more religious he is. As for Catholics, ‘the have one’ has the responsibility for ‘the have not one’. So we probably will often encounter in its discretions, this party is very conservative for social welfare as they are very pro with the welfare of workers, but in contrast to the social-Democrats.

I personally see that this party is arguably very unique because it is integrated with multiple views: liberalism, conservatism, and socialism at the same time. However, this party refused to be part of one of the political views. Thus, they are classified as a center-right party. I will describe in a frame to be more easily understood.

In my class yesterday, my lecturer Peter Widmann explains the formation of the agreement procession of Westphalia (1648) which must be very familiar to scholars of international relations. According to him, 30-year war (1618-1648) was seen as a war between Protestants and Catholics. Yet, it is likely to be as a ‘state’ conflict, which at that time the term of ‘nation states’ was not found. So that the treaty of Westphalia determined what the state is and nation states were formed could not conquer each other. They could only conquer other ‘region’ that is not occupied by any of them. Ever since, Alfonso de Albuquerque (Portugal) and friends began the expansion of the world.

This party tends to more economic development based and becomes much more secularized, if we see the development since its establishment many decades ago. There is a shift in religious values, but for the economic and social problems, the party still holds the value that they bring all the time.


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